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What does forward-looking mean?



Our response:

Forward-looking information or a forward-looking statement is any disclosure that an issuer makes about possible future events, conditions or financial performance. This disclosure is  based on assumptions related to future economic conditions and/or courses of action.

Companies are encouraged to provide forward-looking information when there is a reasonable basis for doing so.  Forward-looking information often forms part of the continuous disclosure in Ontario required from issuers under securities legislation.

Forward-looking information generally forms part of the Management’s Discussion & Analysis (MD&A), which must accompany an issuer’s financial statements. The MD&A is an explanation of how the company’s management views the company’s performance, financial condition and future prospects during the time period covered by a financial statement.  Preparing the MD&A necessarily involves some degree of prediction or projection, including possible discussion of known trends or uncertainties that are reasonably likely to affect the company’s business.

When a company makes forward-looking information available as part of its financial statements, the company must:

  • make a statement declaring that the information is a projection;
  • describe factors that may cause actual results to differ materially from the forward-looking information;
  • provide the material assumptions used to develop the forward-looking information; and
  • include appropriate risk disclosure and cautionary language.

Learn more about where to get company information and various disclosure documents by visiting

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